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Established in 2005
Blamon Limited is an incubator company for the Energy Catalytic Reactor or ECR. We first looked at the potential of the Heat of Adsorbtion back in 2011 with the XSORB idea of seasonal storage, however after it became apparent the Heat battery as Blamon had named was not capable of delivering the required heat given the battery would of needed to be around 4 or 5 tonnes of silica.

In recent years, global warming and energy shortages have become more and more serious as economies develop rapidly all over the world. Adsorption cooling/heating systems powered by solar energy or waste heat have drawn increasing attention, as such systems need neither chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) nor hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs) as the working fluid, and neither fossil fuel nor electricity to drive them.

The working principle of an adsorption cooling/heating system is that a large amount of the composite adsorbents packed in the adsorber adsorbs adsorbate, such as water vapour, from an evacuated container (the evaporator). So, the water in the evaporator continuously evaporates at low pressure to produce cooling which cools the process air. At the same time, the heat produced due to the adsorption of composite adsorbent is removed by cooling water in the adsorber. When the adsorption finishes, the composite adsorbent is heated by hot water/oil to desorb water to the condenser and then returns to the evaporator. Thus, it completes the thermodynamic cycle for both the adsorption and desorption processes. The hot water/oil is heated up by solar energy or waste heat which is free energy from the environment. The two adsorption/desorption chambers of the adsorption cooling/heating systems work alternatively in order to produce the cooling effect continuously. Today, however, traditional Vapour compression systems still dominate in almost all applications, since adsorption cooling has disadvantages that need to be improved. The primary disadvantages are: 1) long adsorption/desorption time; 2) low coefficient of performance (COP), leading to increased energy consumption and cost; and 3) low specific cooling power (SCP), leading to a bulky system. To overcome these problems, the adsorbent-adsorbate pair is a core element in the adsorption cooling/heating system design and one direction is to develop new composite materials as effective adsorbents. Greater adsorption capacity can give a higher coefficient of performance. Similarly, a higher adsorption rate allows greater specific cooling power. Therefore, enhancing the adsorption properties, i.e., adsorption capacity and adsorption rate, of the composite adsorbent can definitely increase the value of COP and SCP. Silica-gel, activated alumina and zeolite 13X are each common adsorbents used in adsorption cooling/heating systems. Each has its own strengths and weaknesses in terms of adsorption capacity. Zeolite 13X has excellent adsorption capacity at low pressures, but it requires heating to over 100° C. to desorb the adsorbate, and it cannot adsorb and desorb large quantities of adsorbate within a narrow humidity/pressure.

Silica-gel can adsorb average amounts of water Vapour at any pressure because of its hydrophilic properties.

Activated carbon has a large internal surface area (commonly in the range of 1000-1500 m2 g−1) because of its high porosity and high surface reactivity, providing a large capacity for adsorbing chemicals from liquids or gases. Moreover, activated carbon is able to adsorb large amounts of water Vapour at pressures above 1600 Pa. However, its water adsorption capacity at low pressures is weak. For an adsorption cooling/heating system, a desirable adsorbent should have an S-shape adsorption isotherm with huge adsorption capacity at pressures from 750 Pa to 1100. Activated carbon has an S-shape isotherm at such pressure range, but its adsorption capacity is low.

We have used the superb capacity of Activated carbon into chemically engineered material that can be easily charged and recharged at relatively low pressure and at temperatures below 100C.
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